It grows in many parts of the world – in North America, Europe, Middle East and the Mediterranean. Poison sumac is not likely to grow in the same places as staghorn sumac. Poison sumac, sometimes also called thunderwood, is a type woody shrub that belongs to the same family of plants as poison ivy. Poison sumac is in the same genus as Eastern poison-ivy, Western poison-ivy, Eastern poison-oak, and Western poison-oak, which means it’s closely related to them. I have a red stemmed vine with 5 green leaves in a cluster, has galls on it, growing and sticking around my deck. Could some of the small trees near the damp area be poison sumac? However, its berries grow in dense clustered spikes rather than the looser arrangement found in poison sumac. By contrast, poison sumac tends to be a solitary plant of the swamps. Birds and bears eat the berries of poison sumac, poison-ivy, and poison-oak and expose themselves to the leaves with no sign of harm. It’s not clear why people are so susceptible to urushiol. The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. Yes, there is poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix), which will definitely cause a rash that is worse than poison ivy (poison sumac is found only in swamps). Does poison sumac have white flowers and is thorny? Required fields are marked *, 1,242,604 Spambots Blocked by Simple Comments, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. 🙂. One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac). The poison sumac plant is categorized as a deciduous shrub, but it can grow quite tall. Mature specimens have been known to attain heights of twenty feet. The leaflets of poison sumac have smooth margins; those of staghorn sumac are toothed. However, the flowers can really help if you want to keep (Sumac… Unlike the staghorn sumac, it has smooth, hairless stems and fruit. BUT it needs /works best to be applied to dry skin before you try to wash with soap and water, so having it on hand ahead of time and reading the directions first can be very helpful. Your email address will not be published. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. Hi Carrie, Thanks for writing. Smooth sumac has smooth stems, like poison sumac. This site is really useful for identifying poison sumac, poison ivy and poison oak:  http://www.poison-ivy.org/poison-sumac. Poison sumac, while it looks more like the harmless staghorn sumac than it does its poison ivy and poison oak relatives, is actually more closely related to its itchy family members. What time of year can I see monarchs in Mexico? They are closely related and both are highly variable. The cashew plant, Anacardium occidentale, also produces urushiol, and cashews have to be handled and processed carefully to separate the cashew nut from the fruit and remove any urushiol from the nut. Trivia: The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. I familiarized myself with Poison Sumac of course prior to looking for the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac. What is this Jelly-like Blob Under My Dock? Although it shares the same name as sumac spice, the two belong to different plant genera and share very few similarities. Poison sumac has a thick trunk, and sturdy branches, so many people think of it as a tree. They all produce urushiol, the oil that causes such an agonizing allergic reaction. But if you send some good photos of the leaves, I can probably tell you if it’s poison sumac. It is pokeweed. Also, be aware the oils can get on clothes and continue to be irritating whenever touched again (such as when doing laundry). Sumacs are plants from the genus Rhus that grow around the world, with over a dozen true sumac species in North America. How can I tell if it’s poison sumac growing near my roses? The leaves on sumac are toothed and pinnately compound.Â, The bud is surrounded by the leaf scar. Â. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. And part of the property is damp clay swamp. Do I stand corrected? Sure. Poison sumac is only found in the eastern half of the country. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. Your email address will not be published. The lack of “hair” on the white fruit, or stems, and the smooth-edged leaves on poison sumac are a good way to tell the difference between Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac ( … When biologists use DNA sequences to figure out the relationships between the plants in the genus Toxicodendron, the relationships between Eastern poison-ivy, Toxicodendron radicans, Western poison-ivy, Toxicodendron rydbergii, Eastern poison-oak, Toxicodendron pubescens, and Western poison-oak, Toxicodendron While poison sumac is related to the variety of sumac that is consumed as a … Preschoolers: “What do we call this crazy swimming creature?”, Sumac relatives | Makulita - [...] Ask a Naturalist.com » How do you identify Poison Sumac?Jul 17, 2011 … I often hear people referring to…. Is that a poison ivy or sumac? And the flowers are greenish. It is a shrub which can grow to several metres in height. This was my first impression when coming upon either Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. In any event, they can all make you miserable, so avoid them if you can. Also, it’s very hard to tell poison oak from poison ivy. The berries of poison sumac are white or pale green, grow at the base of the leaves and hang downward from the stems, somewhat like a cluster of grapes. Red flowers suggests staghorn sumac, not poison sumac. But it is NOT poison sumac. Physical Characteristics Look for a 5 to 20 ft (1.5 to 6.1 m) shrub or tree. I have an acre of property and most of it is wooded. This makes it difficult to determine where one species stops and the next begins. It's leaves are pinnately compound with 11 to 31 lance-shaped leaflets. You will not find poison sumac growing up on high, dry hillsides where non-poisonous ornamental kinds typically grow. So I think you’re okay. Not Poison Sumac. In fact, they are poisonous, but taste bad so few people try eating The Short Answer: Poison sumac is a large shrub or small tree found in wet areas. Poison sumac leaves have smooth edges (don’t touch to find out! One of the few easy ways to tell them apart for sure is that poison ivy berries are smooth, and poison oak berries are fuzzy. How do i get rid of the plants? I have been getting a number of images of a strange looking plant asking if it is poison sumac. But the plants are probably not trying to irritate your skin. Know what you are looking for, before foraging. Whats the best thing to get rid of poison sumac? https://askanaturalist.com/how-do-you-identify-poison-sumac/. It is not invasive; it is more American than even apple pie. The fruit is white. Dwarf sumac can have the same number of leaflets as poison sumac, but the leaf stalk has “wings”, as show in figure 3, in keeping with its alternate name, winged sumac. There is poison ivy everywhere in the woods. Most of Pennsylvania seems to be missing poison oak. What It Is. Poison sumac is not that common, and mostly grows in swamps. Also, people can be allergic to sumac, just like everything else. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. "This latter genus ialso ncludes a sumac impostor that does cause rashes, poison sumac (T. vernix). Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. Poison Ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are all related to the edible kind of sumac, but all look different. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). The fruits are generally red. Hi Gaynell, Poison sumac does not have thorns. Phytolacca americana. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. The berries are NOT edible. The stalk of the compound leaf is reddish. The pictures look very close. Many people believe staghorn sumac is poisonous. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. However, like Eastwood’s good side in the movie, these same species can sooth us as we drive by on the freeway in a race to wherever. Also, you can count the leaves. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra), and Shining Sumac (Rhus copallina) sucker profusely, and are despised by people with small yards that need to control them and can’t. More Info: Poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, is part of the large Anacardiaceae plant family. 7 or 10 years not swampy call what you are likely to grow in dense clustered spikes than... Year can i tell if it ’ s poison sumac in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones through! That belongs to the same places as staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, are also members of the rash! People can be allergic to sumac is categorized as a deciduous shrub, but don t! 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