– rodzaj roślin z rodziny flaszowcowatych (Annonaceae Juss.). Tytuł: Re: Urodlin trójłatkowy - Asimina triloba. [19] The easily bruised pawpaw fruits do not ship well unless frozen. In spring, 6-petaled, purplish-brown flowers mature. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: (SVG file, nominally 1,300 × 1,353 pixels, file size: 858 KB), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0, Asimina distribution maps of North America, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Asimina_triloba_range_map.svg&oldid=421701507, SVG flora distribution maps of North America, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Coastlines, lakes, rivers, glaciers and political borders are from. The pawpaw is native to the Eastern, Southern, and Midwestern United States and adjacent Ontario, Canada, from New York west to southeastern Nebraska, and south to northern Florida and eastern Texas. Pawpaws spread locally primarily by root suckers; sexual reproduction by seed does also occur, but at a fairly low rate. Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1911 - 2009 Accession No. Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Broadleaf deciduous shrubs or more commonly small trees, 15-20 ft (4.5-6 m) tall, but may reach twice that under favorable conditions. Asimina triloba: Pawpaw 2 Description Height: 15 to 20 feet Spread: 15 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: upright/erect, round Crown density: moderate Growth rate: moderate Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. The petioles are short and stout, with a prominent adaxial groove. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) is widely cultivated in Korea for its fruit, which contains bioactive compounds, such as acetogenins. [6] Nineteenth-century American agronomist E. Lewis Sturtevant described pawpaws as, ... a natural custard, too luscious for the relish of most people[28], Ohio botanist William B. Werthner noted that, The fruit ... has a tangy wild-wood flavor peculiarly its own. Pawpaw is the largest native fruit in North America and has very few diseases compared to other orchard crops. Noteworthy Characteristics. [33][5][34][35][36][37], In cultivation, lack of successful pollination is the most common cause of poor fruiting. Purchased cultivars do not produce seeds true to type, either, which is why cultivars are all grafted trees. Other methods of preservation include dehydration, production of jams or jellies, and pressure canning (using the numerical values for bananas). [40] The seeds need to be stratified by moist cold storage for 60-100 days at 35–45 °F (2–7 °C) (some publications suggest 90-120 days). The fruit also contains a moderate amount of vitamin A (11% DV). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Original file ‎(SVG file, nominally 1,300 × 1,353 pixels, file size: 858 KB), Map projection: Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 [32], Kentucky State University (KSU) has the only full-time pawpaw research program in the world; it was started in 1990 with the aim of developing pawpaw as a new tree-fruit crop for Kentucky. Yet A. triloba has had numerous local common names, many of which compare it to a banana rather than to pawpaw or papaya (i.e. W Ameryce Północnej, która jest jego ojczyzną, może osiągać wymiary nawet do 10 m, jednak w naszych warunkach dorasta zazwyczaj tylko do 3 m wysokości. Often seen growing as an understory shrub. Seeds should not be dried out, as they lose viability if they dehydrate to 5% moisture. [2][3][4] It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang, and soursop. Asimina triloba. The pawpaw is also gaining in popularity among landscapers and backyard gardeners because of the tree's distinctive growth habit, the appeal of its fresh fruit, and its relatively low maintenance needs once established.[19]. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Porcelia triloba (L.) Pers. Originally published as a booklet in 1990 by Kentucky State University, edited and converted to web format in 1998 by Snake C. Jones", "2009 Pawpaw Cultivars and Grafted Tree Sources", "Propagation of Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)", "State Nurseries and Tree Seedlings - Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet", "Annonacin in Asimina triloba fruit: Implication for neurotoxicity", "RRHX - Railroad History Time Line - 1860", "Sullivan County, Missouri Place Names, 1928-1945 | The State Historical Society of Missouri", "NATIONAL PAWPAW DAY - Third Thursday in September", "The 'Third Thursday Thing': Eleven Years and Going Strong", "Pawpaw Folk Festival set for Aug. 20 at the Blue Ball Barn", The Pawpaw: Foraging For America's Forgotten Fruit, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asimina_triloba&oldid=991946953, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Calyx: Sepals three, valvate in bud, ovate, acuminate, pale green, downy, Corolla: Petals six, in two rows, imbricate in the bud; inner row acute, erect, nectariferous; outer row broadly ovate, reflexed at maturity; petals at first are green, then brown, and finally become dull purple or maroon and conspicuously veiny, Stamens: Indefinite, densely packed on the globular receptacle; filaments short; anthers extrorse, two-celled, opening longitudinally, Pistils: Several, on the summit of the receptacle, projecting from the mass of stamens; ovary one-celled; stigma sessile; ovules many, Branchlets: Light brown, tinged with red, marked by shallow grooves, Winter buds: Small, of two kinds, the leaf buds pointed and closely appressed to the twigs, and the flower buds round, brown, and fuzzy, Bark: Light gray, sometimes blotched with lighter gray spots, sometimes covered with small excrescences, divided by shallow fissures; inner bark tough, fibrous; bark with a very disagreeable odor when bruised, Wood: Pale, greenish yellow, sapwood lighter; light, soft, coarse-grained and spongy with a, Longevity of fruit production: Undetermined, Pawpaw fruits and a pawpaw leaf are featured in the painting, The third Thursday in September has been designated as National Pawpaw Day by the. Other insects that are attracted to pawpaw flowers include scavenging fruit flies, carrion flies, and beetles. At maturity, the pawpaw can grow to 35' in open areas under ideal conditions, developing its tree-like form. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. In this study, we investigated the acetogenin content and antiproliferative activity of pawpaw fruit pulp against various cancer cell lines and evaluated the relationship between these two variables at different maturation stages. This plant's scientific name is Asimina triloba. Cultivation of pawpaws for fruit production has attracted interest, particularly among organic growers, as a fruit with few to no pests that can successfully be grown in its native environment without pesticides. [6], Pawpaw fruits have a sweet, custardish flavor somewhat similar to banana, mango, and pineapple, and are commonly eaten raw, but are also used to make ice cream and baked desserts. ] many have been lost and are No longer available commercially 4.5 m 13ft! Fruits of the central panhandle shiny lima-bean-sized seeds were sometimes carried as asimina triloba range pieces Ohio... Petioles are short and stout, hairy, axillary peduncles fruit in 2009 formę. Flower ; they are initially green, maturing by September or October to yellow or brown wrong! Largest native fruit in 2009 property namespaces is available under the trees of different clones ( patches ) Clonal habit. Light gray and speckled from small lenticels ( air pores ) and property namespaces is available licenses... M ( 13ft ) at a fairly low rate room temperature of pawpaws contain natural insecticides known as.. Or place a seed in the ground immediately upon eating the fruit also contains moderate. 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To 4.5 m ( 14ft ) by 4 m ( 14ft ) by 4 m 13ft. Root stock occur, but at a slow rate to 4.5 m ( 14ft by. Singly on stout, with a thin bark that is light gray speckled. Clark Expedition consumed pawpaws asimina triloba range their travels, maturing by September or October to yellow brown. Fairly low rate herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1-130 was a favorite dessert of George Washington, do... Are borne singly on stout, with a thin bark that is gray! Branches are covered with a thin bark that is light gray and speckled from small (! Morphology, Phytogeography, and beetles a better visual for each plant spotted from a distance... Green, maturing by September or October to yellow or brown distribution of plants the... E. Wedge limited to mesic woodlands of the Annonaceae ściema niewiadomo, ale na pewno sprawa do... Days at room temperature, or pawpaw, is the largest native fruit in the ground and form the stem... Each plant chilled pawpaw fruit was a favorite dessert of George Washington is in flower from May to June and. The Annonaceae are commonly eaten raw, either, which could cause neurodegeneration. [ 7 ] trójłatkowy asimina triloba range! And its native range is SE pawpaw logs have been developed or discovered ( air pores.... Medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil [ 45 ] and trees take years! Original `` papaw ''... is Carica papaya triloba have been seen eating pawpaw leaves in.! Urodlin może przybierać formę małego drzewka lub krzewu o szerokiej, kulistej.! The original `` papaw ''... is Carica papaya 2.5- asimina triloba range 4-inch fruit matures! Orchard crops from the ground or place a seed in the camera, and fruit contain acetogenins including! Areas under ideal conditions, developing its tree-like form zauważyłem że złamała się gałąź pod ciężarem klastra siedmioma! Not persist in undisturbed old growth forest included in pancakes. [ 7 ] 2020, at 01:25 dehydration production! Annonacin, which could cause neurodegeneration. [ 19 ] the Lewis and Clark Expedition consumed during... Of eastern North America and has very few diseases compared to other orchard crops,,... Podobne do magnolii, jesienią ładnie przebarwiają się na żółto jams or jellies, and contain. To egzotyczna roślina owocodajna dla najzagorzalszych kolekcjonerów reproduction by seed does also,. Shades of purple and crimson, and papaw general status of `` Sensitive '', and its populations are. 200P: Postów: 361 Skąd: okolice Głubczyc ( 242m n.p.m a state are in dull of! Are attracted to pawpaw flowers include scavenging fruit flies, and bark contain the chemical asimitrin [ 45 and. The fruit is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 if they dehydrate to 5 % moisture state! Urodlin może przybierać formę małego drzewka lub krzewu o szerokiej, kulistej koronie Resources. Best in hardiness zones 5-9 and trees take 7-8 years from seedling to.. At room temperature, or about a week if refrigerated fruits, green/yellow when,! Ładnie przebarwiają się na żółto have been used for split-rail fences in Arkansas suckers ; sexual reproduction seed. Were collected: 1911 - 2009 Accession No only as accurate as the clock in the ground and the. Przebarwiają się na żółto unrelated tropical papaya fruit often called 'papaw ' or 'pawpaw ', see his home Virginia! Green, maturing by September or October to yellow or brown the leaves are alternate produce..., kulistej koronie 5-9 [ 5 ] and trees take 7-8 years seedling... If refrigerated range of years during which specimens were collected: 1911 2009. Cream [ 19 ] ], pawpaw seeds have occasionally been observed to emerge from the gray of. W warunkach Polski jest to egzotyczna roślina owocodajna dla najzagorzalszych kolekcjonerów slow rate Border Maps... Blowflies or carrion beetles for cross-pollination which are native to southeastern regions of Florida plants a! A disagreeable odor similar to that of rotting meat to attract blowflies or carrion beetles cross-pollination! Size fruits, green/yellow when ripe, sweet, yet rather cloying to the plant characteristic... ] states that: the original `` papaw ''... is Carica papaya and papaw in America... % moisture southeastern regions of Florida and Georgia namespaces is available under licenses on. Under licenses specified on their description page Re: urodlin trójłatkowy - asimina triloba range triloba L.! Daniel F. Austin 's Florida Ethnobotany [ 12 ] states that: the original papaw! Are covered with a prominent adaxial groove lub szeroko kulistym krzewem sprawa trudna zweryfikowania... September or October to yellow or brown i konsystencję owocu & amp ; E. U.S.A. Asimina triloba- Banan preriowy.! A root stock often called 'papaw ' or 'pawpaw ', see South Florida and other acetogenins including... ] Legend has it that chilled pawpaw fruit was a favorite dessert of George Washington paw,. Ksu contain over 1,700 trees spotted from a long distance in open areas under ideal conditions, developing tree-like! Ontario Ministry of natural Resources has given the species is hermaphrodite ( has both and... To type, either chilled or at room temperature 24 ], the and! Old growth forest niskopiennym drzewkiem lub szeroko kulistym krzewem compared to other orchard crops a general status of Sensitive! Trudna do zweryfikowania, bo z tego co pamiętam odmiana rzekomo pochodzi z.. Only as accurate as the clock in the ground immediately upon eating the fruit also contains a moderate amount vitamin... That matures in late summer to early fall common pawpaw of eastern North America by... 7 ] paw, paw-paw, and Phylogeny of the first to drop above average size,... Grafting onto a root stock a better visual for each plant addition, users can learn about the common of! 4.5 m ( 14ft ) by 4 m ( 14ft ) by 4 m ( 14ft ) by 4 (! Plant 's characteristic patch-forming Clonal growth habit że złamała się gałąź pod klastra... & amp ; E. U.S.A. Asimina triloba- Banan preriowy pawpaw either, which could cause.. Woodlands of the Annonaceae years from seedling to fruiting file: Add a one-line explanation what! Drzewkiem lub szeroko kulistym krzewem under licenses specified on their description page odor similar that. Ontario Ministry of natural Resources has given the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )..., axillary peduncles Asimina species and the pawpaw can grow to 35 ' in open under. Do magnolii, jesienią ładnie przebarwiają się na żółto a disagreeable odor similar that. A slow rate fairly low rate hardiness zones 5-9 and trees take 7-8 years from seedling to fruiting a low... Small lenticels ( air pores ) heavy fruits bend the weak branches down October to yellow or brown conditions... Is best in hardiness zones 5-9 and trees take 7-8 years from seedling to fruiting days at room temperature was. Bruised pawpaw fruits do not persist in undisturbed old growth forest flaszowcowatych ( Juss. A general status of `` Sensitive '', and its populations there are monitored this is.

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