– rodzaj roślin z rodziny flaszowcowatych (Annonaceae Juss.). Tytuł: Re: Urodlin trójłatkowy - Asimina triloba.  The easily bruised pawpaw fruits do not ship well unless frozen. In spring, 6-petaled, purplish-brown flowers mature. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: (SVG file, nominally 1,300 × 1,353 pixels, file size: 858 KB), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0, Asimina distribution maps of North America, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Asimina_triloba_range_map.svg&oldid=421701507, SVG flora distribution maps of North America, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Coastlines, lakes, rivers, glaciers and political borders are from. The pawpaw is native to the Eastern, Southern, and Midwestern United States and adjacent Ontario, Canada, from New York west to southeastern Nebraska, and south to northern Florida and eastern Texas. Pawpaws spread locally primarily by root suckers; sexual reproduction by seed does also occur, but at a fairly low rate. Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1911 - 2009 Accession No. Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Broadleaf deciduous shrubs or more commonly small trees, 15-20 ft (4.5-6 m) tall, but may reach twice that under favorable conditions. Asimina triloba: Pawpaw 2 Description Height: 15 to 20 feet Spread: 15 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: upright/erect, round Crown density: moderate Growth rate: moderate Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. The petioles are short and stout, with a prominent adaxial groove. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) is widely cultivated in Korea for its fruit, which contains bioactive compounds, such as acetogenins.  Nineteenth-century American agronomist E. Lewis Sturtevant described pawpaws as, ... a natural custard, too luscious for the relish of most people, Ohio botanist William B. Werthner noted that, The fruit ... has a tangy wild-wood flavor peculiarly its own. Pawpaw is the largest native fruit in North America and has very few diseases compared to other orchard crops. Noteworthy Characteristics. , In cultivation, lack of successful pollination is the most common cause of poor fruiting. Purchased cultivars do not produce seeds true to type, either, which is why cultivars are all grafted trees. Other methods of preservation include dehydration, production of jams or jellies, and pressure canning (using the numerical values for bananas).  The seeds need to be stratified by moist cold storage for 60-100 days at 35–45 °F (2–7 °C) (some publications suggest 90-120 days). The fruit also contains a moderate amount of vitamin A (11% DV). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Original file (SVG file, nominally 1,300 × 1,353 pixels, file size: 858 KB), Map projection: Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 , Kentucky State University (KSU) has the only full-time pawpaw research program in the world; it was started in 1990 with the aim of developing pawpaw as a new tree-fruit crop for Kentucky. Yet A. triloba has had numerous local common names, many of which compare it to a banana rather than to pawpaw or papaya (i.e. W Ameryce Północnej, która jest jego ojczyzną, może osiągać wymiary nawet do 10 m, jednak w naszych warunkach dorasta zazwyczaj tylko do 3 m wysokości. Often seen growing as an understory shrub. Seeds should not be dried out, as they lose viability if they dehydrate to 5% moisture.  It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang, and soursop. Asimina triloba. The pawpaw is also gaining in popularity among landscapers and backyard gardeners because of the tree's distinctive growth habit, the appeal of its fresh fruit, and its relatively low maintenance needs once established.. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Porcelia triloba (L.) Pers. Originally published as a booklet in 1990 by Kentucky State University, edited and converted to web format in 1998 by Snake C. Jones", "2009 Pawpaw Cultivars and Grafted Tree Sources", "Propagation of Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)", "State Nurseries and Tree Seedlings - Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet", "Annonacin in Asimina triloba fruit: Implication for neurotoxicity", "RRHX - Railroad History Time Line - 1860", "Sullivan County, Missouri Place Names, 1928-1945 | The State Historical Society of Missouri", "NATIONAL PAWPAW DAY - Third Thursday in September", "The 'Third Thursday Thing': Eleven Years and Going Strong", "Pawpaw Folk Festival set for Aug. 20 at the Blue Ball Barn", The Pawpaw: Foraging For America's Forgotten Fruit, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asimina_triloba&oldid=991946953, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Calyx: Sepals three, valvate in bud, ovate, acuminate, pale green, downy, Corolla: Petals six, in two rows, imbricate in the bud; inner row acute, erect, nectariferous; outer row broadly ovate, reflexed at maturity; petals at first are green, then brown, and finally become dull purple or maroon and conspicuously veiny, Stamens: Indefinite, densely packed on the globular receptacle; filaments short; anthers extrorse, two-celled, opening longitudinally, Pistils: Several, on the summit of the receptacle, projecting from the mass of stamens; ovary one-celled; stigma sessile; ovules many, Branchlets: Light brown, tinged with red, marked by shallow grooves, Winter buds: Small, of two kinds, the leaf buds pointed and closely appressed to the twigs, and the flower buds round, brown, and fuzzy, Bark: Light gray, sometimes blotched with lighter gray spots, sometimes covered with small excrescences, divided by shallow fissures; inner bark tough, fibrous; bark with a very disagreeable odor when bruised, Wood: Pale, greenish yellow, sapwood lighter; light, soft, coarse-grained and spongy with a, Longevity of fruit production: Undetermined, Pawpaw fruits and a pawpaw leaf are featured in the painting, The third Thursday in September has been designated as National Pawpaw Day by the. Other insects that are attracted to pawpaw flowers include scavenging fruit flies, carrion flies, and beetles. At maturity, the pawpaw can grow to 35' in open areas under ideal conditions, developing its tree-like form. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. In this study, we investigated the acetogenin content and antiproliferative activity of pawpaw fruit pulp against various cancer cell lines and evaluated the relationship between these two variables at different maturation stages. This plant's scientific name is Asimina triloba. 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